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Nepal Information

Nepal is situated in the central region of the Greater Himalaya and it contains more of the worlds highest mountains than any other country. These include Makalu, Lhotse, Annapurna, Manaslu, Dhaulagiri and of course, Everest. As in Bhutan and Sikkim, the brief but heavy monsoon nourishes an abundance of exotic vegetation which cloak the hills with bamboo and a multitude of other plants, flowers and trees. Pleasant rural villages are linked by paths through paddy-fields, forest and yak-pasture, giving trekkers access to the foothills and mountains beyond. 

The Himalayan country-Nepal
The Himalayan country-Nepal lies along the central section of the Greater Himalaya, bordered by Tibet to the north and India to the east, south and west. It encompasses many of the world's highest mountains, including Mount Everest (29,128 ft./8,878 metres) which lies on its northern border. The terrain and climate define three distinct regions. The southern lowlands (Terai Region) of Nepal has a hot, tropical Indian climate. The central hill areas have a cooler sub-tropical climate and the northern region has an alpine climate. The latter two areas are dissected by deep valleys, formed by run-off from the monsoon and snow melt-water.

Major places to see in Nepal.
UNESCO Cultural World Heritage Sites:

  1. Boudhanath Stupa
  2. Swayambhunath Stupa
  3. Pashupatinath Temple
  4. Kathmandu Durbar Square
  5. Patan Durbar Square
  6. Bhaktapur Durbar Square
  7. Lumbini (Birthplace of Lord Buddha)
  8. Changunarayan Temple 

UNESCO Natural World Heritage Sites:

  1. Chitwan National Park (932 Sq. Km)
  2. Everest National Park (1,148 Sq. Km) 

Other National Parks:

  1. Bardiya National Park (968 Sq. Km)
  2. Khaptad National Park (225 Sq. Km)
  3. Langtang National Park (1,710 Sq. Km)
  4. Makalu-Barun National Park (2,330 Sq. Km)
  5. Rara National Park (106 Sq. Km)
  6. Shey –Phoksundo National Park (3, 555 Sq. Km)
  7. Shivapuri National Park (144 Sq. Km) 

Wildlife Reserves:

  1. Koshi-Tappu Wildlife Reserve(176 Sq. Km)
  2. Parsa Wildlife Reserve (499 Sq. Km)
  3. Sukla Phata Wildlife Reserve (305 Sq. Km)

 Conservation Areas:

  1. Annapurna Conservation Area (7,629 Sq. Km)
  2. Kanchenjunga Conservation Area (2,035 Sq. Km)
  3. Manaslu Conservation Area (1,663 Sq. Km) 

Hunting Reserve:

  1. Dhorpatan (1,325 Sq. Km)

The country can be divided into three main geographic regions : 

The Himalayan Region : The altitude of this region ranges between 4877 meters and 8848 meters with the snow line running around 4848 meters. It includes 8 of the 14 summits in the world which exceed an altitude of 8000 meters. (1) Sagarmatha (Mt. Everest) 8848 m, (2) Kangchenjunga - 8586 m, (3) Lhotse - 8516m, Makalu - 8463m, (5) ChoOyo- 8201 m, (6) Dhaulagiri - 8167m, (7) Manaslu - 8163m, and Annapurna- 8091 m.
Mountain Region : This region accounts for about 64 percent to total land area. It is formed by the Mahabharat range that soars up to 4877 meters. To its south lies the lower Churia range whose altitude varies from 610 meters to 1524 meters.
Terai Region : The low-land Terai region which has a width of about 26 to 32 kilometers and a maximum altitude of 305 meters, which occupies about 17% of total land area of the country. Kechanakawal the lowest point of the country with an altitude of 70 meters lies in Jhapa District of the eastern Terai

Latitude :  

 26° 12' and 30° 27' North.

Longitude :  

 80° 4' and 88° 12' East.

Topography :  

 The world's deepest gorge 'Kali-Gandaki' to highest point 'The Everest'  8,848mt.

Vegetation :  

 Nepal possesses some of the most outstanding bio-diversity in the world,  ranging from sub-tropical Rain forests to Alpine deserts.

Seasons :  

 Winter (December-February), Summer (March-May) Monsoon (June-Aug),  Autumn (Sept-Nov) Monsoon mostly rains at night, making the following  days crispy clean and fresh. Most of the northern belt of the Trans- Himalayan zone is rain-shadowed and ideal for trekking

Area :  

 147,181 sq. km

Capital/Main City :  

 Kathmandu

Population :  

 25 million approx.

Government :  

Federal Democratic republic of Nepal

Time :  

 GMT+5 and 3 quarter hrs

Religion :  

 Hindu, Buddhist and multi religion

Power :  

 220 volts, AC, in large lowland towns